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How to diagnose the type of diabetes?

Diagnosing type of diabetes includes symptoms, age, and blood tests morning test of your blood glucose, an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), and HBA1c tests. These tests can assist in detecting high blood sugar levels, also known as hyperglycemia. Children affected by hyperglycemia tend to become thirstier and need more frequent urination, weight may decrease significantly. In this post we learn about how to diagnose which type of diabetes you have so you can maintain it to achieve good health.

Table of Contents

    Diagnosis of Type1 Diabetes

    People living with type 1 diabetes must either use insulin shots or an insulin pump to maintain normal blood glucose levels. They check their blood glucose daily multiple times mostly in the morning and before going to bed. Furthermore, those living with this disease must follow a healthy diet and engage in physical exercise regularly to avoid more diseases like kidney failure, high blood pressure, etc.

    Significance of Insulin

    Insulin helps your beta cells to transfer glucose toward your liver, muscle tissues, and other organs to provide energy to them. Type 1 diabetes is often found among children and young adults, and its symptoms include extreme thirst with frequent urination, weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, ulcers, slow-down wound healing, blurred vision as well as infections caused by high blood glucose such as yeast infections gum disease or herpes outbreaks.

    If you do not manage type 1 diabetes it can result in serious consequences, including blindness, cause eye damage. It can also contribute to heart and blood vessel disease including coronary artery disease with chest pain, strokes, and narrowing of arteries. Uncontrolled diabetes may also damage nerves in the legs or feet (neuropathy) making sensations difficult or impossible.

    Diagnosis of Type2 Diabetes

    Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body fails to use glucose properly as its energy source from food consumed.

    If you show symptoms of diabetes, your healthcare provider will conduct tests to detect glucose and other substances in your urine. They may also suggest fasting blood glucose and hemoglobin A1c tests. These assessments help detect diabetes as well as conditions like prediabetes or gestational diabetes.

    Oral Glucose Tolerant Test

    Oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs) are another important diagnostic procedure. To perform one, participants drink a special beverage containing 75 grams of glucose before returning two hours later to have their blood drawn for testing, again measuring their blood glucose level – and if this shows too high levels, type 2 diabetes has likely set in.

    Schedule regular visits with your healthcare team. They can assist in helping you manage your condition and offer new ideas and strategies. They may teach you how to check your blood sugar, devise a treatment plan, and demonstrate daily tasks.

    type of diabetes
    type of diabetes

    Diagnosis of Type3 Diabetes

    This type can be diagnosed using several simple blood tests. Measuring your blood glucose levels after you have fasted overnight. Other assesses them both before and after you consume sweet beverages. Diabesity is diagnosed at blood glucose levels greater than 200 mg/dl.

    Long-Term Control

    Without enough insulin, your blood sugar level becomes too high. Type 3 diabetes symptoms include thirst, frequent urination, and unexplained weight loss. However, you cannot cure yourself by only using insulin shots. Healthy diet and exercise plans, as taking medications as prescribed are necessary to avoid long-term complications

    Damage

    Over time, uncontrolled blood sugar can damage the small blood vessels that carry blood to your feet and hands, causing tingling, burning or pain in these areas. It could also lead to more serious heart-related issues including narrowed arteries (atherosclerosis), heart attack or stroke.

    Diabetes increases your risk of dementia, according to numerous studies. Some research indicates that people living with diabetes or prediabetes are more likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease. However, not all studies have found this correlation. Other factors like age and mental health status may play a more crucial role than diabetes or prediabetes when it comes to Alzheimer’s risk.

    Type 4 Diagnosis

    People living with type 4 diabetes typically do not show any noticeable symptoms. If you have risk factors for it includes being aged over 45 or having a family history of diabetes. Talk with your physician about being tested for gestational diabetes as soon as possible.

    Signs and Symptoms

    Signs and symptoms associated with Type 4 diabetes tend to be more noticeable. Frequent urination (which indicates your body is using too much sugar as energy), thirst increases, weight loss, and sores that don’t heal are among them. Individuals living with this form of diabetes can develop diabetic ketoacidosis. A potentially life-threatening complication where your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, can’t use glucose for energy, and becomes acidic. Leading to severe dehydration and confusion and needing medical assistance immediately.

    NYU Langone diagnosis

    NYU Langone doctors diagnose diabetes through blood tests that measure your blood sugar level. One such test, called the Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) test, checks your levels after going 8 hours without eating. If they fall below 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L), your physician will likely diagnose you as having diabetes.

    Other medical tests your provider may administer include the Glycated Hemoglobin (A1C) test, which measures your average blood sugar levels over the past three months, as well as checking urine for signs of excess sugar content and ordering thyroid, liver, and kidney function tests.

    The Point To Focus

    Diabetes is a chronic disease with the passage of time it will damage your internal organs. When you diagnose with diabetes or feeling any of the above symptoms then urgently took a medical advice related to high blood sugar.