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What are the types of diabetes a complete guide?

Types of diabetes are very important to understand. First of all, recognize which type of diabetes you have. Medical experts perform different tests to diagnose which type of diabetes you have. This blog teaches us about the factors that arise when an individual receives a diagnosis of this chronic disease.

Types of Diabetes

types of diabetes
Types of diabetes


Type 1 diabetes, the most severe condition, occurs when one’s immune system attacks insulin-producing cells. The pancreas ceases to produce insulin, and the condition can become life-threatening if the affected individual does not undergo proper treatment.

There is no clear cause of diabetes however, it could be related to genetics as well as environmental influences like viral infections or exposures.

Symptoms


Sudden weight loss, excess thirst, and frequent urination are among the key symptoms of diabetes.

Initially, individuals living with type 1 diabetes need insulin injections or pumps to manage their blood sugar levels. However, diabetics must have to follow a special diet while continually monitoring their glucose levels for best results.

Insulin resistance occurs mostly in type 2 diabetes, in which cells fail to properly respond to insulin injection, leading to elevated blood glucose levels.

Type 2 diabetes is a result of lifestyle factors like genetics, obesity, poor diet choices, inactivity levels, or being overweight all increases your risks.

Symptoms

Fatigue, increased thirst, frequent urination, and blurry vision are the major symptoms found in people with type 2 diabetes.

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To effectively treat type 2 diabetes, lifestyle modifications must be adopted such as following a healthy diet and physical activities. Insulin or medications may also be prescribed.

Gestational Diabetes


Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy. However, it will become a risk for both mother and child if it is not controlled. Hormonal changes during gestation could contribute to gestational diabetes, with genetic and lifestyle influences also plays important part.

Symptoms

Type 1 diabetes and type 2 are more likely to appear if their family history includes it.
Diabetes Type 2 can often be traced back to lifestyle factors and diet.
Your risk for type 2 diabetes tends to increase with age, while type 1 can often be diagnosed during childhood or adolescence.

Complications

Complications associated with both forms of diabetes can include heart disease, kidney problems, and nerve damage. First of all, to minimize such consequences and protect yourself from them blood sugar levels must be effectively managed.

Both types 1 and 2 diabetes may lead to hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia that requires immediate medical intervention.

Diagnosing Diabetes

First of all, measuring blood sugar levels after fasting for at least one night and taking blood samples to measure.

Fasting followed by consumption of glucose solutions is necessary and then regular blood glucose tests must take place to monitor and manage your sugar levels.

Continuous Glucose Monitoring

Many kinds of digital devices are available to monitor blood sugar levels throughout the day and offer real-time updates to manage diabetes effectively.

Home testing with a glucose meter should occur regularly for optimal blood glucose control.


Nutrition


To create an appropriate nutrition program, focus on whole food sources like fruits, and vegetables and lean proteins like fish.

Tracking carb grams consumed allows individuals to better regulate insulin use.
Regular physical activity helps combat insulin resistance and manage weight.


Oral Medication

Metformin and sulfonylureas are two classes of oral medications that help lower blood glucose levels by acting directly upon them.
In some cases, managing diabetes necessitates the use of injectable medication. Insulin is required to regulate blood glucose levels, particularly in type 1 diabetes.

Artificial Pancreas Technologies solution that automates insulin delivery based on real-time glucose measurements.

Public Health Initiatives

Preventive Programs
Preventing Type 2 diabetes by targeting at-risk groups through lifestyle and educational interventions is possible through preventive programs.

Global Collaboration
To support efforts at an international level to increase access to diabetes treatment and care.

Conclusion

Diabetes becomes chronic if you do not take proper medical treatment on time. First of all, with time it will highly affect your kidney, liver, and heart. We recommend always taking advice from medical experts for proper control and treatment.